Most everyone knows what primer is but not necessarily when to prime. Let’s look at three types of primers. Stain blocking primer, adhesion primer and a general sealing primer and when to prime various surfaces.
Stain blocking primer is used of course for stains. Stains like water stains, smoke, rust, tannin. They can also be used for things like marker or crayon. Normally anything that will bleed through the top coat. In almost all cases you are better off using a solvent based primer. Regardless of the stain, I suggest a quick sand to scuff things up a bit and then two coats of primer. Allow adequate dry time between coats. You should have no difficulty with the top coat.
Adhesion primer is used on difficult to paint surfaces or as part of a coating system. We use an adhesion primer when painting cabinets. We may also use a stain blocking primer when we have tannins bleeding through the cabinet surfaces. Adhesion primer would be used for example on tile, ceramic tile, plastics, etc.
General sealing primer is most often used when you need to seal a surface before painting. For example, repair work to drywall. You would want to seal the new drywall repaired areas before painting so you have a nice uniform surface prior to painting. If this is not done you will most likely see the areas that were repaired after painting. Especially with higher sheen coatings like semi-gloss.
It is not uncommon to see primers that use all these terms interchageably. You may find a latex drywall primer that claims to also be a stain “killer” or an adhesion primer that is labeled as a stain blocker as well. Many of these products may or may not work as advertised or that claim to work if you put enough coats on. As a general rule, I suggest using specific primers for specific tasks.
A great adhesion primer is zip sand. It’s thixotropic. Which means it’s very thick but becomes less viscous as you stir it or agitate it. It really sticks and sands beautifully.
A very good stain blocking primer is BIN primer. It is a shellac based product. Which is the “big gun” in the stain killer world. If BIN wont seal a stain you have a problem. Occasionally a top coat won’t like the alcohol base BIN is made in and the top coat will wrinkle. It doesn’t happen often but if it does then Cover Stain is a good choice.
Speedhide Maxprime is a good latex wall primer for drywall repairs or new drywall. No need for an expensive “primer” for drywall/repairs. The more expensive products don’t perform any better. Often on drywall repairs, a dead flat latex paint will suffice for priming those areas before painting.
Knowing when to prime is easy compared to navigating the vast number of products out there. The three products above will cover most any priming need you may have.
Every industry has it’s own language. The paint business is no different. If you know the language you can sound like a pro or at least understand one. The following painting terms can have you sounding like an expert in no time.
Paint: Obvious. A combination of a binder, filler, pigment and a solvent. Can be water based, solvent based or a hybrid coating.
Latex: Water based product. Latex is the term for a suspension of polymer particles in water. Most common type of residential paint. Soap and water cleanup. Fast drying. External and internal use.
Enamel: Traditionally oil based. Today many water based products available. The resin typically dries hard and glossy.
Off White: Refers to the color. Any white but a pure white.
Acrylic: Water based product. Dries quickly. Acrylic polymer suspended in water. Becomes water resistant when dry. Tough finish. The term is often used interchangeably with latex.
Ceiling White: A flat white paint. Normally a brighter white with a thicker formulation (filler) to minimize splatter. Typically inexpensive product.
Sheen: The gloss level of the paint. Flat, eggshell, satin, semi-gloss, gloss. There is no standard from one manufacturer to another.
A five: Five gallon bucket of paint. Can also refer to a five in one. A painters tool.
A single: One gallon of paint.
Drop: Drop cloths. Used to cover the floor.
Frame: The roller frame. A roller cover goes on it. 9″ is most common.
Pole: An extension pole. Used on the frame.
Grid: The wire mesh that goes in a bucket to roll paint off of.
Stain Blocker: The best are solvent based. Used to seal stains before painting.
Cover: A roller cover. 9″ in most common.
Nap: The thickness of the roller cover.
Primer: Applied to surfaces before painting. Promotes adhesion.
Sealer: Applied to porous surfaces to seal or level the surface out.
Cut In: Brush work. Running a paint line along the ceiling, baseboards, etc.
Roll: Using a frame to roll paint on the surface.
Lay off: A final roll in the same direction (usually down) to level the paint out.
Picture framing: A noticeable band in the finish. You can see the cut line VS the roll.
Hat Banding: Same as picture framing but only refers to the ceiling cut line.
Dry Time: There are two types. Dry to the touch and dry to re-coat.
There are a lot of painting terms. It is easy to take for granted that everyone know what you are taking about. These are the most common.
I am often asked for ways to save money when painting. There are several things you can do that will make it easier for a Paint Contractor to do his job. The easier and more efficient a job is the less expensive it will be to do.
The first way to save money when painting is don’t buy the paint yourself. Many homeowners believe they will save money by doing this. Most of the time it is not the case. We buy a higher quality paint and pay less for it then the public. Most Paint Contractors get special pricing. The better the relationship the painter has with their supplier the better the price. We don’t mark up the price of paint. Some contractors do but many don’t.
On interior work, the less there is to work around the easier the job will go. It is easier to paint an empty room then one full of stuff. You may not be able to completely empty a room but the less there is in there the better. It may cost more to paint a room full of furnishings. Most Paint Contractors will charge more because they will have to work around everything or spend time moving things.
In most cases doing things like removing switch plates or filling holes in the wall won’t translate into cost savings. Most Paint Contractors prefer to fix drywall issues/holes themselves.
On exterior work, again the less there is to work around the better. If there are trees or branches in the way it will slow things down. Large wood piles against the home. Sheds built too close, these are things a Paint Contractor will take into consideration when preparing an estimate. It will greatly speed things up if decks are clear of things like grills, toys, etc. Front porches loaded down with furniture will slow the process down too.
It never hurts to ask your Paint Contractor if there is anything you can do to make things easier for them. The easier the job is the cheaper it will likely be for you.
Paint industry insights for the Omaha market. There are several trends in the local market that are holding strong.
The trend has been to paint previously stained cabinets. This has been the case for several years and appears to continue this year. We do cabinet jobs every month and many customers are going from the classic stained oak to an off white. Another trend this past year has been to go with a different color on the cabinets on an island in the kitchen. Most common is a sharp contrast color which is dark. Dark browns, dark blues, etc.
We have done many glaze cabinet jobs. This is where we put a glaze over the painted cabinet and seal it with a clear coat. The numbers for this type of cabinet job continues to grow. Re-staining to a different color is loosing popularity.
Like cabinets, the trend has been for painting the trim in a home to an off white. Getting away from the golden oak color that was so popular years ago. This holds steady too. Many customers are also doing a two tone color scheme on the stairways. The newel posts and spindles one color and the handrail another.
The trend for putting epoxy on garage floors has fallen significantly. First the trend was to put an epoxy on the garage floor and broadcast decorative flake into it. Then the flake lost popularity. Now tit appears that the epoxy is trending out as well.
Increasing in popularity. Many of the interior repaint jobs we do incorporate an accent wall. Usually a bright vibrant color.
Earth tones still dominate the Omaha market. Taupe is very popular.
Almost completely gone. We have very few wallpaper jobs that are not commercial jobs.
Again earth tones are still the most popular. Minimal trim color in the front of the home is the most common. Usually around windows or trim boards.
Water based (latex) paint dominates the market. The past two years has seen an upsurge in the hybrid water based or water borne coatings. “Oil” paints, “urethane” paints that are soap and water cleanup. These are alkyd or urethane emulsions. They have been around for years but are becoming more readily available and popular for trim and cabinets.
These are the paint industry insights for the early spring of 2020.